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Analysis of the current situation of Shenzhen charging pile industry
With the support of the high-speed development of new energy vehicles and the support of policy support, the electric vehicle charging facilities industry in China has developed rapidly, and has become the country with the largest number of public charging piles in the world. Recently, the annual report on the development of China's electric vehicle charging infrastructure (hereinafter referred to as the report), jointly compiled by the State Energy Administration and the China electric vehicle charging infrastructure promotion alliance, is officially released in Beijing. The report points out that with the development of industry and technology, users have put forward higher requirements for the service level of charging facilities. Against this background, the problem of large and weak market is gradually emerging.
Analysis of the current situation of Shenzhen charging pile industry
Next, how to improve the relevant policy system and actively promote the healthy development of automobile, charging facilities, power and other industries will become the key to the development of new energy vehicles.
The development of China's charging infrastructure is in the forefront of the world
Under the dual function of policy and market, a good industrial foundation has been formed. The involvement of social capital has enhanced the vitality of the industry and led to the development of charging infrastructure in China. China electric vehicle charging infrastructure promotion alliance secretary general, Xu Yanhua, Deputy Secretary General of China Automobile Industry Association, said.
In 2016, China continued to maintain high speed development of electric vehicles. China Automotive Industry Association data show that last year, 507 thousand new energy vehicles sold, an increase of 53% over the same period, accounting for more than 50% of the world's total.
With the continuous growth of the market, the domestic charging infrastructure is also surging forward. According to the statistics of China's electric vehicle charging infrastructure Promotion Alliance (charging alliance), by December 2016, the number of public charge pile construction and operation is close to 150 thousand, compared with the 49 thousand net increase of 2 times more than 2015 at the end of the year. The number of public charging facilities in China's charging infrastructure is the first in the world, obviously higher than that of other countries.
According to the report, 106 thousand in Europe, 40 thousand in the United States and 22 thousand in Japan, in the statistics of the number of public charging infrastructure in major countries in the world. Of course, the rapid development of domestic charging piles can not be separated from the vigorous promotion of relevant policies. Since the State Council promulgated and implemented the "energy saving and new energy auto industry development rules (2012-2020 years)" in 2012, the development of electric vehicles has become a national strategy. The national departments at all levels have launched a series of policies to promote the development of vehicles and infrastructure construction, which greatly promoted the development of the basic infrastructure.
Since 2015, a series of charging infrastructure promotion policies and measures have been promulgated and implemented. In September 2015, the general office of the State Council issued "guidance on speeding up the construction of electric vehicles charging infrastructure"; in December 2016, the four ministries and commissions such as the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of housing and construction jointly issued "on the overall plan for speeding up the parking lot." In January of this year, the State Energy Bureau, the SASAC and the State Administration of state affairs jointly issued the notice on speeding up the construction of the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in the unit.
It can be seen that, whether it is aimed at the infrastructure construction of the vast consumer, or for the relevant work of the organization, the policy covers the construction of the charging infrastructure, the electric power access, the charging facilities and so on, which plays a vital role in mobilizing the related resources of the whole society to promote the development of the charging infrastructure.
In the background of the rapid development of electric vehicles, especially the increase in the proportion of private cars, it attracts some enterprises, science and technology companies, start-ups and social capital, which have the Internet gene, to increase the vitality of the industry and form the industrial pattern of the coexistence of state-owned, private and mixed ownership.
Among the top four operators of the state power grid, new energy, new energy, and special calls, the state-owned and private sector accounted for half, and four market shares reached about 85%. The main operators present the development momentum of both competition and cooperation, continuously improving the user's charging convenience and utilization of charging facilities, accumulating experience in the development practice, and laying a good foundation for improving the construction and operation level of the charging facilities.
The author believes that China's electric vehicle industry has entered a steady growth period from the introduction period, and China has become the fastest growing country with charging infrastructure. The number of public charging infrastructure construction and operation is close to 150 thousand, and the charging infrastructure of China's charging infrastructure is the world's largest.
The development of the charging infrastructure industry tends to be mature
After the rapid growth in 2016, the charging facilities industry has accumulated some experience in the construction and operation practice. In 2017, the main manufacturers and operators will be more rational for the change of charging demand, speed up the innovation of charging technology, adjust and optimize the layout of the charging facilities, improve the operation level of the service and the efficiency of the charging facilities.
In order to satisfy users' diverse charging needs, charging technology innovation will continue to develop. Fast charging, wireless charging, fast DC charging technology and charging reactor technology will begin to build demonstration projects. Various new charging technologies will move from the laboratory to the market, and the new charging facilities will continue to emerge. The report points out that with the speed of the construction of the charging facilities, there will be more regional platforms, while maps, finance, services and other industries will also actively seek cooperation with the charging platform, can quickly achieve multi business integration, seize market share, and establish a stable customer group to win the competition of the charging platform. The key point is that the market pattern will change.
In addition, under the influence of scale expansion and market competition, in the exploration of a profitable business model, the rechargeable investors will further compress the investment in equipment procurement and provide higher service requirements.
At present, there are many manufacturers of charging equipment in China, whose size is different and the technical capacity is poor. As the state strengthens the management of the charging facilities, the fierce competition of the charging market and the compression of the cost of the charging equipment, the manufacturers with core technology, product quality and good after-sales service will become the industry. The winner.
Although the development results are good, but China's charging infrastructure industry still has a lot of space for development. The successful experience in the construction mode of charging infrastructure, testing and certification, standardization and so on in foreign countries is worth the reference of the domestic market. "Foreign mainstream charging infrastructure construction, the state through the form of regulation or management of the country's regional charging facilities in the form of certification, to ensure the quality of its products and charge safety." The authors suggest that the government authorities suggest that the incentives, subsidies, land and other preferential policies of the charging infrastructure be associated with certification to avoid overtesting the burden of increasing facility operators.
Statistics of the number of public charging piles in China in the past 2012-2016 years
Analysis of the current situation of China's charging pile industry
Interoperability becomes the direction of the development of the charging infrastructure
In recent years, China's charging infrastructure has gone from scratch to development. Although much progress has been made compared with the past, the problem of large and weak market has been gradually highlighted. Nowadays, the developed countries all over the world pay much attention to the interconnection development of charging infrastructure. The charging infrastructure standards of SAE in the United States and the CCS standard in Germany have shown a trend of integration and development. Each country starts with the interconnection of technical research and standard path, certification detection and payment trading platform to promote the interconnection and interoperability of charging facilities.
In the long run, promoting the development of information interconnection technology is the only way for China's charging infrastructure to move to a new stage. In fact, in order to ensure the compatibility of electric vehicles, electric vehicles and charging facilities must conform to the new standard of the national charging interface and communication protocol. The 2011 edition of electric vehicles and charging facilities of the standard charge interface should be upgraded according to the relevant national policies to carry out the old standard facilities.
With the increasing number of electric vehicle users and charging operators, the self use, special and public charging facilities of different operators have provided corresponding services respectively. The phenomenon that electric vehicle users need to install numerous APP and handle multiple charging cards is becoming increasingly obvious when charging the cars, and the incompatibility of charging services is given to electric vehicles. The owner of the car brought trouble.
According to statistics, as of the end of 2016, the members of the alliance reported a total of 141254 public charging piles. Among them, the charge equipment to support the UnionPay card and other sub line payment channels is 0.3%, and the charge equipment paid by the mobile payment and the operator's spontaneous charging card is 99.7%. In view of the interconnection and intercommunication of charging services, the charging Alliance Plan, based on the series of standards for the exchange of electric vehicle charge and exchange service information, explores the establishment of a mode of interconnected commerce, a unified information exchange and payment system for charging facilities, forming a compatible payment mode on the line and under the line.
The author thinks that the main manufacturers and operators will be more rational for the change of charging demand this year, speed up the innovation of charging technology, adjust and optimize the layout of the charging facilities, improve the operation level of the service and the efficiency of the charging facilities.