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Construction of new energy vehicle charging pile
Construction of new energy vehicle charging pile
In recent years, in order to encourage the development of new energy vehicles, the state and local governments have introduced a number of preferential policies, and the sales of new energy vehicles have increased significantly, while the charging facilities are far behind the growth of new energy vehicles.
At present, "charging hard" has become one of the biggest bottlenecks hindering the development of electric vehicles in China. To this end, Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and other places have launched a large-scale development plan for charging facilities. Driven by local governments, charging facilities will usher in a peak of construction.
A complete charging station consists of three parts: direct charging equipment, distribution equipment and auxiliary management equipment. Among them, the direct charging device is the core of the charging station, which generally accounts for about 50% of the cost of the charging station. According to analysts, by 2015, the market capacity of direct charging equipment is expected to reach more than 2 billion 400 million yuan. In the context of the rapid development of the market, the relevant listed companies will gain huge room for development, which is expected to trigger continued pursuit of capital markets.
According to the report of the Research Report on Market Research and investment potential of China's new energy vehicle charging pile industry in 2016-2020 years, it was pointed out that by the end of 2014, 28 thousand charging piles and 723 replacement power stations were built in China. The ratio of the new energy vehicle market to the charging pile is 3:1, and the standard configuration should be 1:1.
China's new energy vehicle charging infrastructure construction speed is far lower than the planning goal, which has become the new energy vehicle industry development constraints. In recent years, with the constant introduction of policies and the continuous implementation of relevant work, the charging facilities will be built faster.
100 billion charging market to open the field of private charging is the highlight.
The new energy vehicle charging facilities can be divided into two categories, the private sector charging facilities and the public transport field charging facilities. At present, the main market is occupied by the charge facilities in the public transport field, but its market potential is far less than the private sector charging facilities in the future.
BYD, Chery, Dongfeng Nissan, SAIC and other car enterprises, Tak, Wan Ma group, Chinese business three generation, Guangzhou electric power company is a private charging facility enterprise representative, Guodian nnan, Xu Jie electric, taxo technology, taxon new energy, otsun, Zhong Heng electronics, Wan Ma group, power source are the domestic public transport field charging facilities Enterprises.
According to the draft of electric vehicle charging infrastructure construction plan, we know that in 2020, the number of recharged power stations in China should reach 12 thousand, charging piles reach 4 million 500 thousand, and the proportion of electric vehicles and charging facilities is close to the 1:1. According to the average construction investment of 20 thousand yuan per single charge pile and 5 million yuan level of centralized charging station equipment investment, the investment amount of the charging pile is up to 50 billion yuan in the next five years, and the investment of the charging station is about 60 billion yuan. The overall investment of the charging facilities will exceed 100 billion yuan, and the annual investment will reach 22 billion yuan.
Although the prospect of charging facilities is promising, the cost is still high, which still discourages many investors. It refers to the charging station, not the charging pile established in the community - the latter only needs to solve the problem of communication with the property, the cost is low, and the former cost three, including the infrastructure cost, the distribution facility cost and the operation cost. Preliminary calculation shows that the total investment of a medium-sized charging station will need about 6 million 300 thousand yuan. Among them, 3 million 500 thousand yuan for infrastructure investment, 800 thousand yuan for supporting facilities, and 2 million yuan for land acquisition.
Not only that, the construction of charging stations should consider building additional power plants, transforming substations and other supporting facilities. Because the electric car takes a long time to wait for the charging station, it decides that the area of the charging station is larger than the ordinary gas station so as to stop more cars. The cost of land acquisition at the urban traffic nodes where there is a small amount of money may be very high. Charging for the same number of electric vehicles takes up more than 5 times the area occupied by ordinary car refueling. The above constraints exist and investors' enthusiasm for investment is greatly affected. Therefore, in the early stage of development, the construction of the charging station needs the development of the government to help the development of a certain market. After the charging service begins to charge, the power of private capital entry will be continuously strengthened. In this process, the company's commercial potential, which provides the charge service value inherent in the charging facilities, and can make the charging facilities into the Internet entrance will be valued by the capital market.
At the end of 2015, Shenzhen has built up a total of about 200 rapid charging stations, including 160 bus stations and 40 social charging stations, 4000 fast charging piles and 20 thousand slow charging piles. He also stressed that within 3 years, the city's buses will be upgraded to pure electric buses. By the end of 2015, the total number of new energy vehicles in Shenzhen has been over 25 thousand. Among them, 6650 new energy buses, 48% of the total bus buses, and 2400 of pure electric taxis, reaching 16% of taxis. There are about 2000 pure electric logistics vehicles, 248 commuter cars, 8900 private cars, 4000 ordinary rents, and 2000 time sharing rents. This long string of gratifying data is a microcosm of the development of China's new energy vehicles in recent years.
Since 2014, domestic policies have been developing continuously and charging facilities have been developing rapidly. The construction of charging piles in China is developing rapidly. At present, domestic charging policy is mainly divided into three categories: access policy, subsidy policy and unified policy.
In terms of access policy, the "urban power planning code" was introduced in 2014. This policy requires that the layout of urban distributed energy, electric vehicle charging station and the requirements of access should be considered when the power supply facilities are planned. In 2015, the Ministry of housing and Construction issued the guidelines for the planning of urban parking facilities. It proposed that the charging facilities for electric vehicles should be built according to the relevant standards - that is, the proportion of the construction of new residential parking spaces or the installation of the charging facilities should reach one hundred percent. The construction of large public buildings with parking lots and urban public parking facilities has charging facilities. The parking space is not less than 10% of the total parking space.
In terms of subsidized policy, in 2015 China issued a "13th Five-Year" new energy vehicle charging infrastructure incentive policy and the notice to strengthen the promotion and application of new energy vehicles.